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We have offered suggestions in the form of videos that you may find helpful in achieving Wellness in your Life and style choices & personal wellbeing needs .
we hope you will both enjoy and find the subject matters beneficial to your own personal wellbeing.
*THINGS THAT MATTERS TO YOU !
Energy bills will be capped at £2,500 a year for a typical household from 1 October 2022 for the next two winters, Prime Minister Liz Truss has announced. A £400 energy rebate will also continue to be paid as planned from October. Here's MoneySavingExpert.com founder Martin Lewis' round-up.
See history brought to life and discover the story of the Black Country at our open-air living museum. Meet our historic characters who’ll show you what it was like to live and work in one of the first industrialised landscapes in Britain as you explore 26 acres of reconstructed shops, pubs and houses.
From watching live demonstrations and taking part in old fashioned street games there’s something for everyone at Black Country Living Museum.
Not long after the new year, this is the perfect time to really take stock of your fitness goals and see if your current nutrition and hydration is supporting you in reaching them. There is always more we can do to maintain our health, and incorporating healthy hydrating drinks and meals into our lives can really give us the edge on achieving new personal bests.
Here, the experts at Fitness Superstore will show you some top tips for how you can add to your regimen to bring an extra energy boost into your day. Whether you enjoy cooking, making smoothies, or trying out new health innovations, we have some tips that you’ll find enjoyable. Read on to find out how to improve your everyday diet this Nutrition and Hydration Week with some new ingredients.
If you need to encourage yourself to drink more water throughout the day, adding some exciting flavours is the perfect way to go about this. The NHS recommends that you drink 6–8 glasses of fluid per day; these should consist of water on its own, lower-fat milk, sugar-free drinks, or tea and coffee without sugar (NHS). If this seems ambitious, flavouring your water can help, but it’s important to keep these flavourings free from processed sugar as sugary drinks will damage your teeth over time.
Flavourings can include: herbal tea bags, freshly squeezed lemon or lime juice, frozen or raw fruit, mint leaves, or even rose water. You can experiment throughout the day to see which flavours you enjoy most, and which encourage you to drink water and be excited about being hydrated.
If you’re intrigued by the latest trends in health and wellness, you’ve probably heard of health or wellness shots, but have you thought of making your own? Health shots are highly concentrated blends of ingredients that can be drunk quickly to get plenty of minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants into your system. They can offer a boost of energy throughout the day, and contribute to your daily dose of fruit and vegetables.
Not only do homemade wellness shots offer great value for money, but as they are made right there and then, they also allow you to taste the freshest ingredients. All you’ll need to make your own wellness shots is a blender and some of your favourite healthy ingredients. Try this one for example:
100mml pineapple juice
100g ginger root
100g turmeric root
Simply throw all these ingredients into a blender and mix them up until they make a smooth liquid with the same consistency as a smoothie. Then, pour the mixture into a glass and enjoy your highly concentrated health shot. You can explore different recipes using your favourite flavours and use these shots as a great nutritious afternoon pick-me-up.
Breakfast is often noted as being the most important meal of the day, and with good reason: it’s how we wake our metabolism up and start the day. While it can be tempting to grab some carbohydrate-heavy breakfast cereal in the morning, did you know that focusing more on protein can help you feel more full and energised throughout the day?
Protein fills us up more and takes longer to be digested by the body than simple carbohydrates. It’s also a very important nutrient if you are strength training or taking part in any sports or activities, as it contributes to muscle repair and can aid your recovery from activity sessions. So, it’s well worth upping your protein. You can add nuts and seeds to your porridge, or some sugar-free peanut butter, as other ways to bring more protein into the start of your day. And if you have time to cook eggs in the morning, these are another fantastic source of filling protein, while yoghurt is a quicker option when you are in a hurry. Changing up your breakfast this way can make you feel more awake and ready to take on your workday or morning workout.
Often overlooked, omega 3 has a big impact on our mood (Global Health Journal). The NHS says that the everyday diet should include at least two portions of fish per week, including one portion of oily fish (NHS). So, it’s well worth making more room for these recipes in your diet. Grilling and steaming your fish is healthier than frying it, but adding a drizzle of extra virgin olive oil can add more healthy fats to the dish as well as some great flavour.
Try to incorporate lots of types of foods rich in omega 3s, as they contribute to having a healthy immune system and hormones (British Dietary Association). Have fun learning some new recipes, and if you are vegetarian, look out for other sources of omega fats such as seaweed and algae, chia seeds, hemp seeds, and walnuts.
Keoghan Bellew, Personal Trainer, Fitness Superstore, says:
“Nutrition and Hydration Week is a great opportunity for taking stock of the changes we wanted to make heading into the start of 2023. If you are looking to add that extra edge to your performance, boost your mood, or just fuel your workouts better, then it’s a fantastic time to add some extra oomph to your daily diet.
“Try to support your diet with a good routine: fitting workouts into the same timeslots each week, having regular activities, and scheduling mealtimes at the same time each day can really help with keeping to your fitness goals and following healthy nutrition plans. Make sure to drink water during your workouts as well as before and after them, as this helps to keep the body hydrated and energised throughout exercise. You should then feel more ready for the challenging parts of your workouts, and replenished afterwards. You can also add hydrating electrolytes to your water to increase the hydration factor when you’re working hard.”
Sensehacking: the wellbeing trend to rejuvenate your work
The Trust has a comprehensive clinical service portfolio across community, secondary and tertiary services.
Our services are split into three divisions:
We’re passionate about helping you stay physically active and emotionally engaged in fitness, sport and wellbeing. Our mission is to put our heart and soul into ‘creating active places and healthy people’ - it’s about creating a place for everyone.
Email us: email@example.com
Glen Staite-Loveridge, General Manager
01902 384 777
You may be able to claim compensation if you suffered losses because you could not show that you had a right to live in the UK
Losses can be things like not being able to work, find a place to live or get health treatment. They can also include immigration action, like detention or removal from the UK.
Call the Windrush Help Team on 0800 678 1925 (this line is free to call from within the UK)
The Caribbean Immigrants Who Transformed Britain
Seventy years ago today—June 22, 1948—a passenger ship carrying 492 Jamaican immigrants arrived in Essex, London. The Empire Windrush was the first of many ships to come, as the British government recruited migrants from the Caribbean Commonwealth to help rebuild the economy after World War II. These arrivals came to be known as the Windrush generation. “It is unclear how many people belong to the Windrush generation, since many of those who arrived as children travelled on parents’ passports and never applied for travel documents—but they are thought to be in their thousands,” according to the BBC.
These immigrants, now elderly, are legal UK residents. But since last year over 5,000 of them found themselves homeless, unemployed, denied health care, or deported altogether as a result of Theresa May’s “hostile environment” policy, which requires employers, landlords, banks and the National Health Service to conduct visa inspections. In April, high commissioners from all of the Caribbean Commonwealth nations rebuked the UK government over the scandal, the British home secretary resigned, and the Home Office assembled a Windrush task force. In a more symbolic gesture, the government designated today, June 22, as “Windrush Day.”
How were the Windrush immigrants greeted in the UK?
Bear in mind that, at that time, the word “immigration” didn’t have quite the same meaning, or didn’t carry the same weight. All of these people carried British passports because they were members of the British empire. There was no distinction between a British person born in Bombay, or Georgetown, or Leeds. They had exactly the same thing, and that was how people thought of it. Secondly, there were no immigration formalities. If you look at the pictures of people coming down the gangway and walking onto the dock, there are no immigration officials there demanding passports. So the status was quite different, and the numbers involved were tiny. Right through the 1950s, total immigration would’ve been measured in four figures—about 2,450 people a year.
So that’s context, and that then tells you something about why there was a sort of schizophrenic response. When it became known that a boat that was bringing these 500 or so people, the colonial office panicked and thought it was quite a large number, because the annual immigration numbers would’ve been three or four thousand. There was a lot of discussion about how they would fit in, where they would live, whether there’d be jobs for them. They even sent a warship to shadow Windrush as it came into the English Channel. There was an official anxiety not so much about immigration, but about integration. On the other hand, when the guys got here, there wasn’t too much anxiety in the street. There were welcome parties, and all that sort of thing.
Towards the end of the 1950s and ’60s, things became a bit different, partly because Britain was in transition from the war. People had put up with all sorts of things—rationing and so on—in the late ’40s and early ’50s because of the deprivations of war, but by the end of the 1950s, they were expecting a bit more. There were conflicts over housing—particularly in cities like London and Nottingham—and at first, what you might call full-fledged race riots happened in Northwest London, like in Notting Hill in 1968.
That was dressed up as a conflict between young men with not enough to do and teddy boys and so on, but it was really about housing—who’s got homes and who couldn’t get homes. There was a lot of resentment about the fact that some of the Windrush generation had come to Britain, couldn’t get municipal housing, and weren’t put into public housing, so they saved up and managed to get themselves rented housing. Some started to buy housing.
Being a offspring of the windrush generation leaves you feeling we’re the hell are we and why the recurring obstacles that seems to appear from no where at all.
The point is that unless you have personally experienced this ride for yourself, it would be difficult to both feel empathy or understand. Our parents seemed to have jumped hoops both high and low for decades trying to prove that there good immigrants in there adopted country. that has been relentless in finding ways of driving fear and institutional bias for decades in the form of application of british citizenship for starters.
My parents came from Jamaica which has been under British rule for the longest of time and despite governments knowing this fact our family members endured issues that many have taken to the grave.
These people answered a call for help from the british government to leave the west indies thousands of miles away and go to england & assist the british in developing the country into what it is today.
Many individuals because of no fault of there own lost homes, jobs and freedom trying to prove there citizenship after residing in the united Kingdom for decades. Many of these people have lost children to racism in every imaginable form .My opening lines was were are we ? It is 2022 and we don’t seem to be much further on in trying to bridge a unwanted gap that is invisible to the naked eye, which is now instrumental in the generational trauma that has now impacted on people of colour living in Britain from the Caribbean
The narrative attached to immigration in the United Kingdom is far from a positive look to people whom have contributed both effectively and professionally at all levels in-order that we can all Co exist has human beings equally..
Sadiq Khan promises to hold police force to account after report highlights institutional misogyny, racism and homophobia
Louise Casey arriving at Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre for the press briefing of her review on 20 March. Photograph: WPA/Getty Images
The London mayor, Sadiq Khan, said: “The evidence is damning.
“Baroness Casey has found institutional racism, misogyny and homophobia, which I accept. She has described the Met as defensive, resistant to change and unwilling to engage with communities.”
He said he would be “unflinching” in holding new Met police commissioner, Sir Mark Rowley, to account.
“I want to assure Londoners that I’ll be unflinching in my resolve to support and hold the new commissioner to account as he works to overhaul the force,” he said.
“The Met has many committed, professional police officers and staff who want to be part of this change.
“I see police reform as a critical part of my mayoralty and I will not be satisfied until Londoners have the police service they deserve – one that is trusted, representative and delivers the highest possible service to every community in our city as we work to build a safer London for everyone.”
The Labour leader, Sir Keir Starmer, laid the blame for the report’s findings at the feet of the Home Office, saying the department had a “void of leadership”.
“The racist, sexist and homophobic abuses of power that have run rife in the Metropolitan police have shattered the trust that Britain’s policing relies on and let victims down,” he said.
“For 13 years there has been a void of leadership from the Home Office, which has seen Britain’s policing fall far below the standards the public have the right to expect.
“The scale of change required is vast. But the lessons I witnessed from policing reform in Northern Ireland show that it can be done.”
Suella Braverman is accused of travelling to Rwanda for a photo op
The Home Secretary has travelled to capital Kigali, where she hopes the UK can start sending asylum seekers by the summer after more than a year of legal wrangling
Suella Braverman's plans to send the first asylum seekers to Rwanda by the summer has been blasted as “ unethical".
Labour shadow communities secretary Lisa Nandy accused the Government of resorting to "PR opportunities and photo ops" as the Home Secretary jetted off to capital Kigali.
The controversial partnership has seen the UK government hand over £140 million to the Rwandan government since last April - but has yet to see a single person moved there.
Ms Nandy said if the Government was serious about tackling immigration, it would spend the cash on a cross-border unit targeting traffickers.
She told Sky News' Sophy Ridge: "This is just more stunts from this Government.
"What they should be doing is what Labour has been calling for for a very long time: Take the money that is being spent on this unethical, unworkable scheme and put it into the National Crime Agency to create a cross-border cell in order to disrupt the criminal gangs who are profiting from people's misery."
The statements have forgotten to inform the public that the biggest beneficiaries of human trafficking of slaves from africa was the beginning of this chapter. The fact of the matter can only be one thing, the children and grandchildren of the slave owners are still running the show in 2023.
This overview is not about looking for sympathy or a free pass because we are all in this for the long haul the question is the next step to ensure history dose not keep repeating itself in the same place to the same people without positive intervention. This is what institutional bias looks like ! A. Hoffman 2022
Most black people living in the UK have experienced prejudice from healthcare professionals because of their ethnicity, with younger people feeling especially discriminated against, a survey has revealed.1
Almost two thirds (65%) of black people who responded to a survey said that they had experienced prejudice from doctors and other staff in healthcare settings. This rose to three quarters (75%) among black people aged 18 to 34.
The report was commissioned by the Black Equity Organisation, a national civil rights organisation launched earlier this year to tackle systemic racism in the UK. The survey received 2051 responses from people of black or mixed black ethnicity, including 1014 people aged 18 to 34.
Vivian Hunt, the organisation’s chair of trustees, said, “The key to change is identifying and recognising the reality of black communities across the country. This research and our other report, Brick Wall after Brick Wall, provides a clear picture of what black communities experience daily and will help shape our work and campaigns moving forward.
“We will work in partnership with communities, businesses, grassroots organisations, and allies to deliver systemic change that will ensure that these experiences become a thing of the past.”
The report cited particular issues around the experience of black women in maternity care and the diagnosis of certain special educational needs. Survey participants felt as though they were not seen and that their concerns were not listened to or incorporated into their treatment decisions.
“Specific to Black women, participants felt that due to the misguided stereotype of ‘strong Black women,’ practitioners were dismissive of their pain,” the report said.
It noted that this finding had also been reported by the NHS Race Health Observatory,2 which found evidence of negative interactions, stereotyping, disrespect, discrimination, and cultural insensitivity across maternity services. This made many women from ethnic minority groups feel “unwelcome, and poorly cared for.” It also found that black patients in the UK were subject to more intrusive treatments, such as injectable antipsychotics, and were less likely to be offered talking therapy for severe mental illness.
Black African individuals were at least six percentage points more likely than those from other ethnic groups to believe that they were being discriminated against by NHS professionals because of their ethnicity.
Reflecting on its findings, the organisation called for an end to prejudicial decisions being made by healthcare professionals when treating and diagnosing illness in black patients.
You may be on a repeat prescription for the contraceptive pill. In which case, you can arrange for your prescription medication to be delivered to your house, or you can collect it for free from your local store with the LloydsPharmacy prescription delivery service. You will still have to have a quick online consultation with one of our online doctors to check suitability.
The signs of STIs and STDs vary depending on:
Many symptoms of STIs and STDs are very similar, for example you could notice pain when you urinate, discharge from your vagina or penis as well as itching or irritation.
Also it's important to remember that some of these infections are asymptotic meaning that you symptoms may not appear at all, or if they do they might not develop for weeks or months after you are initially infected. That’s why it’s important to get regularly tested for STIs and STDs, as well as practise safe sex by using condoms.
STI symptoms in women can range from unusual vaginal discharge that might be white, clear or greenish in appearance. Men may also notice discharge from the tip of the penis, this too might be yellow in colour and accompanied by itching and irritation.
When you’re looking to get tested for an STI there are an array of options for you to choose from. Whether you would prefer to do the test yourself at home, visit your local sexual health clinic or book an appointment with your GP. LloydsPharmacy can offer a variety of STI testing kits for you to order and then complete at home or you can visit our Online Doctor for a confide
Gazumping is when a property is sold to a second buyer for more money than has already been agreed with the first buyer.
The difference between being outbid – for example losing out at “best and final” offers – and gazumping is that gazumping occurs when an offer has already been accepted.
Sometimes a seller will choose a rival buyer if they are in a better position to buy, for example if they are not in a property chain.
Unfortunately, yes. While this practice isn’t illegal, it is frowned upon and considered unethical.
Until there is an exchange of written contracts, all you have to go on with an accepted offer is a verbal agreement. It means a seller is still technically open to other offers.
Being gazumped is about more than a broken promise. It can cost you a lot of money too.
You might have already paid for a surveyor, or a solicitor to draw up the documents. This money could be lost if you are a victim of gazumping.
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Anyone can get an infection, and almost any infection, including COVID-19, can lead to sepsis. In a typical year:
Sepsis is the body’s extreme response to an infection. It is a life-threatening medical emergency. Sepsis happens when an infection you already have triggers a chain reaction throughout your body. Infections that lead to sepsis most often start in the lung, urinary tract, skin, or gastrointestinal tract. Without timely treatment, sepsis can rapidly lead to tissue damage, organ failure, and death.
You can’t spread sepsis to other people. However, an infection can lead to sepsis, and you can spread some infections to other people.
With fast recognition and treatment, most people survive. Treatment requires urgent medical care, usually in an intensive care unit in a hospital, and includes careful monitoring of vital signs and often antibiotics.
FIND A FOOD BANK. ACCOMMODATION. ADVICE. CARE LEAVERS SUPPORT. WELLBEING.
No one should go hungry – we’re here to help
Food banks in our network welcome and support everyone who is referred to them, always acting with respect and without judgment. Volunteers will give a minimum of three days’ emergency food and offer support to resolve some of the difficulties you might be facing.
In order to get help from a food bank you will need to be referred with a voucher, which can be issued by a number of local community organisations (for instance schools, GPs and advice agencies). Your local food bank can advise which agencies can help. Find your local food bank here.
We know it's a challenging time for everyone at the moment as the coronavirus pandemic unfolds.
Food banks are grassroots, community organisations aimed at supporting people who cannot afford
the essentials in life.
You can contact your local food bank using the numbers below. For advice and support around your
financial crisis you can also call our free national helplines.
please call Help through Hardship for free to talk confidentially to a trained Citizens Advice adviser on:
(Open Monday to Friday, 9am – 5pm. Closed on public holidays.)
They can help address your crisis and provide support to maximise your income, help you navigate the benefits system, and identify any additional grants you could be entitled to. If needed, they’ll issue you with a voucher so you can get an emergency food parcel from your local food bank.
please call for free to talk confidentially to a trained Advice NI adviser on:
(Open Monday to Friday, 9am – 5pm. Closed on public holidays.)
They can help address your crisis and provide support to maximise your income, help you navigate the benefits system, and identify any additional grants you could be entitled to. The advisers can also provide specialist debt and budgeting advice to people calling the line. For more information, click here. If needed, they’ll issue you with a voucher so you can get an emergency food parcel from your local food bank.
More information can be found on the Get Help page.https://www.trusselltrust.org/
Get help and advice from the local council if you’re homeless or about to lose your home.
Enter a postcode in England or Wales where you have a local connection. This might be where you’ve lived recently, have close family or work.
Services for children leaving care
Arthritis is a common condition that causes pain and inflammation in a joint.
In the UK, millions of people have arthritis or other, similar conditions that affect the joints.
Arthritis affects people of all ages, including children.
Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the 2 most common types of arthritis.
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis in the UK.
It most often develops in people in their mid-40s or older.
It's also more common in women and people with a family history of the condition.
But it can occur at any age as a result of an injury or be associated with other joint-related conditions, such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis.
Osteoarthritis initially affects the smooth cartilage lining of the joint. This makes movement more difficult than usual, leading to pain and stiffness.
Once the cartilage lining starts to roughen and thin out, the tendons and ligaments have to work harder.
This can cause swelling and the formation of bony spurs called osteophytes.
Severe loss of cartilage can lead to bone rubbing on bone, altering the shape of the joint and forcing the bones out of their normal position.
The most commonly affected joints are those in the:
Find out more about osteoarthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is less common than osteoarthritis.
It often starts when a person is between 30 and 50 years old. Women are more likely to be affected than men.
In rheumatoid arthritis, the body's immune system targets affected joints, which leads to pain and swelling.
The outer covering (synovium) of the joint is the first place affected.
This can then spread across the joint, leading to further swelling and a change in the joint's shape. This may cause the bone and cartilage to break down.
People with rheumatoid arthritis can also develop problems with other tissues and organs in their body.
Arthritis is often associated with older people, but it can also affect children.
Most types of childhood arthritis are known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).
JIA causes pain and inflammation in 1 or more joints for at least 6 weeks.
Although the exact cause of JIA is unknown, the symptoms often improve as a child gets older, meaning they can lead a normal life.
cost of living payment
You may be able to get a payment to help with the cost of living if you’re getting certain benefits or tax credits.
You do not need to apply. You’ll be paid automatically.
If you have had a message asking you to apply or contact someone about the payment, this might be a scam.
If you’re eligible, you’ll be paid automatically in the same way you usually get your benefit or tax credits. This includes if you’re found to be eligible for a Cost of Living Payment or a Disability Cost of Living Payment at a later date.
You could get up to 3 different types of payment depending on your circumstances on a particular date or during a particular period:
These payments are not taxable and will not affect the benefits or tax credits you get.
You may get a payment of £650 paid in 2 lump sums of £326 and £324 if you get payments of any of the following:
The payment will be made separately from your benefit.
You will not get a payment if you get New Style Employment and Support Allowance, contributory Employment and Support Allowance, or New Style Jobseeker’s Allowance, unless you get Universal Credit.
If you have a joint claim with a partner, you will get one payment of £326 and one payment of £324 for your joint claim, if you’re entitled.
You were eligible for the first Cost of Living Payment of £326 if you were entitled to a payment (or later found to be entitled to a payment) of Universal Credit for an assessment period that ended in the period 26 April 2022 to 25 May 2022.
You will be eligible for the second Cost of Living Payment of £324 if you were entitled to a payment (or later found to be entitled to a payment) of Universal Credit for an assessment period that ended in the period 26 August 2022 to 25 September 2022.
The payment will be made separately from your benefit.
Rastafari, sometimes called Rastafarianism, is a religion that developed in Jamaicaduring the 1930s. It is classified as both a new religious movement and a social movement by scholars of religion. There is no central authority in control of the movement and much diversity exists among practitioners, who are known as Rastafari, Rastafarians, or Rastas.
Rastafari beliefs are based on a specific interpretation of the Bible. Central is a monotheistic belief in a single God, referred to as Jah, who is deemed to partially reside within each individual. Rastas accord key importance to Haile Selassie, the emperor of Ethiopia between 1930 and 1974; many regard him as the Second Coming of Jesus and Jah incarnate, while others see him as a human prophet who fully recognised Jah's presence in every individual. Rastafari is Afrocentric and focuses attention on the African diaspora, which it believes is oppressed within Western society, or "Babylon". Many Rastas call for this diaspora's resettlement in Africa, a continent they consider the Promised Land, or "Zion". Some practitioners extend these views into black supremacism. Rastas refer to their practices as "livity". Communal meetings are known as "groundations", and are typified by music, chanting, discussions, and the smoking of cannabis, the latter regarded as a sacrament with beneficial properties. Rastas emphasise what they regard as living "naturally", adhering to ital dietary requirements, wearing their hair in dreadlocks, and following patriarchal gender roles.
Rastafari originated among impoverished and socially disenfranchised Afro-Jamaican communities in 1930s Jamaica. Its Afrocentric ideology was largely a reaction against Jamaica's then-dominant British colonial culture. It was influenced by both Ethiopianism and the Back-to-Africa movement promoted by black nationalist figures such as Marcus Garvey. The religion developed after several Protestant Christian clergymen, most notably Leonard Howell, proclaimed that Haile Selassie's crowning as Emperor of Ethiopia in 1930 fulfilled a Biblical prophecy. By the 1950s, Rastafari's countercultural stance had brought the movement into conflict with wider Jamaican society, including violent clashes with law enforcement. In the 1960s and 1970s, it gained increased respectability within Jamaica and greater visibility abroad through the popularity of Rastafari-inspired reggae musicians, most notably Bob Marley. Enthusiasm for Rastafari declined in the 1980s, following the deaths of Haile Selassie and Marley, but the movement survived and has a presence in many parts of the world.
The Rastafari movement is decentralised and organised on a largely sectarian basis. There are several denominations, or "Mansions of Rastafari", the most prominent of which are the Nyahbinghi, Bobo Ashanti, and the Twelve Tribes of Israel, each offering a different interpretation of Rastafari belief. There are an estimated 700,000 to 1,000,000 Rastafari across the world. The largest population is in Jamaica, although small communities can be found in most of the world's major population centres. Most Rastafari are of black African descent, and some groups accept only black members.
The Rastafari in Britain: Writing Community-Engaged History
This article is part of the ‘Power in the Telling’ feature – curated by the Windrush Strikes Back project – on the production of community-engaged histories of Black Britain.
When future generations study the pages of history, seeking to understand the growth and development of black community histories, what will they find? Will they remember a history that contributed to our understandings of dominant ideologies and visions of social change? Or will they recall its failures, and its inability to dictate and archive the narrative?
I was confronted with the overwhelming silences in academic writing in my final year of my undergraduate degree in History at Royal Holloway, University of London. Many young Black historians can testify to the uncomfortable and often incommunicable experiences of being the only Black person in the room. Yet, an even greater pain is when you are coming to the end of your degree and you realise that you have invested in a course where Black history is only seen through the gaze of the United States and slavery. I knew that the only way for me to find something meaningful was to completely re-programme my mind. I knew I had to be radically vulnerable. I knew I had to pursue my own authenticity by researching and investing in my own sense of truth. I therefore decided to dedicate my final year to exploring my own history as a Jamaican-born, London-raised member of Rastafari tradition.
The image of ‘Rasta’ conjures many colourful representations. When I speak to friends and colleagues about my research on the Rastafari, they often recite a time when their aunt or uncle had found themselves chanting down Babylon in a movement of Roots, Rock and Reggae. From the iron curtains of snow in Russia to pub crawls in the heart of Phuket, the symbols of the “Dread” have engraved the cultural and political landscape of our global village. Yet, from a quick search of the history books here in Britain, one struggles to find works that articulate the experiences of British Rastas outside of the scope of criminality and idleness.
Having grown up within the Rastafari tradition, I was in search of the written reference points that would allow me to understand the community in its totality. How did they arrive in Britain? How did they organise? Where did they meet? And what were their key successes and challenges?
The historiography of the Rastafari movement in Britain reveals the way in which Eurocentric approaches persist in national narratives that claim to ‘include’ multiple perspectives and voices. Like many scholars studying communities at a local level, the producers of works on Rastafari insisted that they were writing for the community. They claimed that they had informally worked with members of the community, uncovered new ground, recorded their stories, and written a narrative that was very much ‘by the community, for the community’.
As someone who straddles academia and ‘the community’, I couldn’t help but question the possibilities of writing for a community from the outside, to produce works that would be consumed by ‘the outside’. We must ask ourselves what it means to ‘know’ and ‘represent’ within the context of academic writing. The tendency to feel that we, as researchers and academics, can save community groups tends to reproduce a type of violence, pushing underrepresented groups further into the boundaries of essentialism.
The study and practice of Black community-led history forces us to consider important questions that demand balanced and sober reflection. How can institutions collaborate with individuals who are trying to fashion alternative historical approaches and narratives? How do we engage with empathy or the act of ‘doing good’ in the context of academic writing? How can we embed legacies and voices not only in the research process, but also into the research? And how can we speak critically without watering down?
Such questions rest at the heart of my PhD research. The inspiration behind my project comes out of the recognition that the history of the Rastafari in England is still ‘untold’ within the academic arena. From the establishment of the Jamaican Working Committee in 1960, to Rastafari centenary celebrations in 1992, my research will chart a political history of the Rastafari in England that moves beyond lazy clichés of the movement as a corrosive cultural phenomenon. Far from being powerless victims in need of empowering, the Rastafari see themselves as pioneers leading radical approaches to Black history. From the development of international relations with Sylvia Pankhurst during the 1930s, to the establishment of the Ethiopian World Federation during Haile Selassie’s exile in Bath, Englandthe Rastafari in Britain stretches beyond the margins of sub-cultures.
Making Every Day Better
Has our personal wellbeing determines how well we are in the present.
We have offered suggestions in the form of videos that you may find helpful in achieving Wellness in your Life and style choices & personal wellbeing needs . Mind-Body-Soul
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THE LONE RASTA DEVOTED TO RASTAFARIAN FAITH
ThunderSong by New Power Generation and PrinceOverviewVideosListenArtistsLyrics
LyricsThunder, all through the night
Promise to see Jesus in the morning light
Take my hand, it'll be alright
C'mon save your soul tonightOoh, Thunder
Yeah yeah yeah yeah
Yeah yeah yeah yeahLove, nobody know just how it was born
Love, first came to me with the radio on
Jumped up in my body with an attitude
Kissed me on the mouth and said "Your leader take me to"'Twas like thunder
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Paul Bogle, it is believed, was born free about 1822. He was a Baptist deacon in Stony Gut, a few miles north of Morant Bay, and was eligible to vote at a time when there were only 104 voters in the parish of St. Thomas. He was a firm political supporter of George William Gordon.
Poverty and injustice in the society and lack of public confidence in the central authority, urged Bogle to lead a protest march to the Morant Bay courthouse on October 11, 1865.
In a violent confrontation with full official forces that followed the march, nearly 500 people were killed and a greater number was flogged and punished before order was restored.
Bogle was captured and hanged on October 24, 1865; but his forceful demonstration achieved its objectives. It paved the way for the establishment of just practices in the courts and it brought about a change in official attitude, which made possible the social and economic betterment of the people.
In recognition of his efforts, Bogle was conferred with the Order of the National Hero in 1969 as per the second schedule of the National Honours and Awards Act.
Learn about Rastafarianism in the country where it all began with a visit to the Rastafari Indigenous Village. Your driver will pick you up at your Montego Bay hotel or the cruise port and take you to the Rastafari Indigenous Village, where you'll take a guided tour, hear drumming and chanting, and get the chance to shop for souvenirs before you return to your home,hotel or ship.
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Legend has it that the bath was discovered in the 1600s by a runaway slave with leg ulcers. He stumbled across the spring, used it to wash his wounded limb then noticed the next day that his leg was
rapidly healing. the contents in the water are lime, sulphur and magnesium and while the mineral concentrations are not as high as those found in the Milk River or Rockfort Mineral baths, it’s believed that the naturally-occurring high temperatures provide additional healing power.
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