PORTRAITS OF FAITH WATCH THIS VIDEO BELOW
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This space offers the opportunity to try and understand our quality of wellbeing and why wellbeing is a important piece of our human jigsaw that needs to be nurtured just like the food sources we consume daily to fuel our bodies.
The subject matters here ranges from cost of living tips to living with trauma due to slavery and inequalities in the 21 century.
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Guns and Violence
Published in Children’s Voice Volume 23, Number 1
by Julie Collins and Emily Swoveland
Although mental health problems are part of the debate about gun regulation, the discussion has focused primarily upon the mental health of the perpetrators’ of gun crimes. In fact, most people with mental illnesses are not violent and are actually more likely to be victimized than they are to victimize others (Teplin et al, 2005). While much more can be done to address the problems of perpetrators with a mental illness, that conversation alone will not address the problems associated with gun violence. The Child Welfare League of America (CWLA) believes it is time to broaden the focus of the gun debate to include the social, emotional, physical, and mental health impact of those traumatized by gun violence
Conference participants also voiced concerns about the pervasive culture of fear and violence that exists in many of the commu- nities they serve. At the community level, participants observed that guns are often used in response to fear. They pointed out that children and youth living in violent neighborhoods feel at risk; without nonviolent conflict-resolution skills, they too readily depend on guns to solve problems. Garbarino and his colleagues, likewise, stated that “exposure to gun violence also can desensitize youth to the effects of violence and increase the likelihood that they will use violence as a means of resolving problems or expressing emotions.” Often, it is only through carrying and using weapons that these youth feel safe, secure, and protected. But despite gun ownership, many children and youth remain unprotected from the violence within their communities.
Participants noted that fighting a community’s culture is an uphill battle that is netting few positive results. All agreed that when communities, families, children, and youth are empowered to work together and challenge negative values, they can begin to change the culture of violence and reduce community-wide fear. While not a quick process, is essential to encourage communities to take ownership of the safety and well-being of all children, youth, and families. Consistent with the standards in CWLA’s National Blueprint, conference participants further suggested working one-on-one with families, children, and youth to help them build their protective factors, develop resiliency, regulate their emotions, strengthen coping strategies, and transform negative life views into ones of hope for a better future. There was also widespread agreement about the importance of teaching parents how to model nonviolent behaviors for children and educating them on positive methods of discouraging violent alternatives.
Effects on Child Development
The consequences of exposure to violence on child development are very real. CWLA’s National Blueprint points out that children and youth exposed to chronic trauma can experience inhibited brain development, producing a lasting impact on life outcomes. Likely a result of such exposure, participants noted numerous skill deficits among the children and youth they serve who live in neighborhoods that have high rates of poverty and crime. As suggested by the research, many children experience problems with violence and aggression because they lack nonviolent conflict-resolution skills. Much of this violence and aggression is further exacerbated by emotional overload from exposure to violence. Children and youth exposed to violence experience significant stress, and often struggle to identify and regulate their emotions, as a result of developmental impacts from their frequent exposure to trauma. Their emotions are often internalized and can later erupt in aggression and violence.
The Listening Session attendees also acknowledged that these skill deficits can be the result of children and youth learning behavior through observing and mimicking the actions of those around them. When adults exhibit aggressive and violent behavior, such behavior is often interpreted as appropriate and acceptable. A cycle of violence starts when children and youth observe and embrace negative adult behaviors and, eventually, model such interactions with their own children. With much at stake, a laundry list of strategies and supports was offered to address the impact on child development and reduce the negative impact of exposure to violence. Participants lauded the importance of early, family-level prevention, suggesting that parents must be assisted in accessing the social services necessary to strengthen protective factors, build resiliency, help their children regulate their emotions, develop coping skills, and provide physical and psychological safety.
Mental Health Concerns
The Listening Session attendees recognized that until child and youth exposure to violence is eliminated, childhood mental health problems will likely continue to grow. The group noted that they are witnessing dramatic growth in the number of children and youth with mental health problems, and that service providers must actively work to educate the public on childhood mental illness. Mental illness continues to be stigmatized, and public hesitancy to discuss the matter is detrimental to children and youth who are impacted by mental health problems. It was further noted that many parents, teachers, and workers are often uneducated regarding mental health conditions and, as a result, fail to identify early signs of mental illness, delaying child and youth access to treatment. It was pointed out that even once treatment is received and a diagnosis is given, many adults lack knowledge about specific mental illnesses and are unsure of how to interact with children and youth with a mental health problem. Without proper education, parents, teachers, and other well- meaning figures may unknowingly exacerbate a child or youth’s mental health problems.
In addition to reducing risk factors and developing protective factors and resiliency among youth currently suffering from mental health problems, professionals agreed that communities must also help children and youth at-risk of mental health problems develop protective factors to shield them from the negative mental health outcomes that frequently result from exposure to traumatic life events.
Summing it Up
Preventing childhood exposure to violence and mitigating the impact of previous exposure is too large a job for any one group or organization. Child welfare, prevention, and mental health agencies cannot tackle this problem alone. Agencies must embrace the message of CWLA’s National Blueprint and encourage communities to take responsibility for the well-being of children and youth. Combating the negative impact of violence on children and youth requires the collaboration of teachers, principals, social workers, police officers, doctors, parents, friends, and more. Each person has a role to play, be it screening for exposure to violence, mitigating the impact of violence through emotional support, or preventing violence through community activism and policy initiatives. Only when all facets of society recognize the true negative impact that exposure to violence has on the well-being of children, youth, families, and communities, and actively work to address this problem, will substantive change take place.
Julie Collins is CWLA’s Director of Standards for Practice Excellence. Emily Swoveland served as an intern at CWLA in 2013. The authors offer special thanks to Linda Spears and Andrea Bartolo.
Garbarino, J., Bradshaw, C.P., & Vorrasi, J.A. (2002). Mitigating the Effects of Gun Violence on Children and Youth. The Future of Children, 12(2), 73-87. Retrieved fromhttps://www.princeton.edu/futureofchildren/publications/docs/12_02_05.pdf.
Finkelhor, D., et al. (2009). Children’s Exposure to Violence: A Comprehensive National Survey.Juvenile Justice Bulletin, October 2009. Retrieved fromhttps://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/227744.pdf.
Teplin, L., et al. (2005). Crime Victimization in Adults With Severe Mental Illness: Comparison With the National Crime Victimization Survey. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62, 911-921.
PORTRAITS IN FAITH
RELIANCE ON GOD
“I just broke up with my boyfriend. It was not because we had so many troubles, or because he cheated on me or I cheated on him, but because there were so many little things. They were accumulating, so many little things. We both go to church, and I didn’t know what to do because I actually love my boyfriend. I am still in love with him, but I knew that there was something wrong. So I said, ‘God, if this is for me, I will leave it in your hands. If this is not for me, you’ll take it away.’
At that very moment, so many people started to talk to me: ‘Hey. How are you doing? I haven’t seen you [be] very happy,’ and ‘What’s wrong?’ and ‘What’s going on?’ I realized that the relationship was taking my happiness from me. So God started to send people to give me light.
My parents worried about me in the last month because I was not happy. They actually told me,‘We think you should see a therapist.’ I started to go to therapy and it actually helped.
This weekend I decided just to break up with him and I said, ‘Let’s see what happens.’ And my ex-boyfriend showed a face that I had never seen. It was actually a little scary. So I could see the truth. I could see this is what had been hurting me all the way. He was not in love with me, but he depended on me. He was all over me, and he was obsessed. I couldn’t see that because I was so in love, and I was so involved in the situation.
But so many things happened, and [then] I could see clearly. And it’s really, really interesting because last week I wouldn’t be able to say that because last week I was perfectly fine! I was thinking everything is alright. But it happened. Because I said, ‘Everything is in your hands.’ I relied on God.”
I was gifted with an extraordinary example of faith when I met Diana Gutiérrez, a young medical student, in Panama. Diana shared with me her story of having just broken up with her boyfriend because something didn’t seem right. She made the very conscious decision to break up and put the relationship in God’s hands. She said, “God, if this is for me, I will leave it in your hands. If this is not for me, you’ll take it away.” What ensued allowed Diana to see that her boyfriend was not in love with her but, rather, obsessed with and dependent on her.
This idea of putting our problems in the hands of God is one I struggle with but it always pays off when I do it. My first struggle is that I believe God gives us so many abilities to deal with life. Second, I don’t want to be a passive person. But I’ve learned that turning something over to God does not mean either of these. Today, placing my problems in God’s hands means for me that I am asking a deeper wisdom to guide me to what will serve God and the Universe best, not just what I want for my own selfish, predetermined needs.
This is so well described by my favorite mystic, Father Richard Rohr, in his book, Breathing Under Water: Spirituality and the Twelve Steps, throughout his chapter on Step 11:
“When you ‘pray,’ you are supposed to take off one ‘thinking cap’ and put on another ‘thinking cap’ that will move you from an egocentric perspective to a soul-centric perspective…I call the first perspective ‘the calculating mind,’ and I call the second perspective ‘the contemplative mind.’…The first mind sees everything through the lens of its own private needs and hurts, angers, and memories. It is too small a lens to see truthfully or wisely or deeply. In short, prayer is not about changing God, but being willing to let God change us, or as Step 11 says, ‘praying only for the knowledge of his will.’ True prayer is always about getting the ‘who’ right. Who is doing the praying? You or God in you?
Little you or the Christ Consciousness? The contemplative mind prays from a different sense of Who-I-am. It rests, and abides in the Great I AM…. People’s willingness to find God in their own struggle with life and let it change them-is their deepest and truest obedience to God’s eternal will.”
Today my approach to turning my will over to the care of God can vary. My friend, David Charpentier, always reminds me “more will be revealed.”
Sometimes it is me simply meditating on an issue, asking the Universe to “help me to see what I cannot see.” I liken this approach to the wonderful quote from Carl Jung: “Until you make the unconscious conscious, it will direct your life and you will call it fate.” And, still, sometimes it means I am verbally asking the Great Spirit to help me resolve something I cannot resolve, understanding that it may not get resolved the way I want. Turning over a problem to the Universe may also simply be recognizing the truth proposed by Albert Einstein when he said, “You can never solve a problem on the level on which it was created.” For me that means some problems can only be worked out spiritually, not by my hard work and thinking.
The result of my turning problems over to a Higher Power are always positive, even if it just makes me pause for reflection before acting. The result is so beautifully articulated in AA’s Ninth Step Promises: “God is doing for us what we could not do for ourselves.”
Thank you to Diana Gutiérrez for teaching this 50+ year old a lesson you learned much earlier than me! I learned a great lesson in faith from you.
Our immune system is designed to protect the body against foreign substances. Sometimes, this system overreacts by detecting harmless substances as threatening.
A person without allergies would have no reaction to this substance. An allergic person reacts to the usually harmless substance and their body produces antibodies to attack it. This sets off a complex chain reaction which causes the release of chemicals in your body including histamines. It is this chemical which causes the typical symptoms of an allergy, such as sneezing, itchy eyes or a runny nose.
For example, in hayfever, the immune system overreacts to pollen, and the release of histamine causes symptoms like sneezing, runny nose, itchy nose and watery eyes.
Whatever your allergy, be prepared with Piri...
Arm yourself with advice, support and services, whether it's knowing where your nearest outlet is to purchase products or having a look at the Understanding Allergies section on our website to know what your triggers are.
Take effective products at the first sign of symptoms and consult your GP if your symptoms do not improve after the duration stated within the product information leaflet.
...it's all about being prepared and ready so that you can act before you react.
Understanding Allergies: What is an Allergic Reaction?
Our immune system is designed to protect our body against foreign substances – like viruses and other germs – to help keep up safe and healthy. But sometimes, our immune system can overreact and mistake a harmless substance as threatening. This is exactly what occurs during an allergic reaction.
Some of the most common harmless, everyday substances that can trigger an allergic reaction include:i
Of course, anyone who suffers with an allergy knows how much of a nuisance they can be during your daily life. Thankfully, however, most allergic reactions are mild and can be easily managed, while severe allergic reactions are much rarer.i
Learn more about different types of allergies.
If you have an allergy, coming into contact with the irritant (or ‘allergen’) that you are allergic to triggers a protective response in your body, and it begins to produce antibodies to defend itself. As part of this defense, your body will release certain chemicals, including histamines.
It’s these chemicals that are responsible for your allergy symptoms, which will typically occur within minutes of your exposure to an allergen. They may include:i
Since some of these symptoms are similar to those you might experience with the common cold, a flu or sinusitis (sinus infection),ii, iii it can sometimes be difficult to tell whether your symptoms are due to an allergic reaction or illness.
If you’re unsure as to what’s causing your symptoms, consult our simple Symptomcheck comparison table to help you determine whether it’s an allergy or a virus that’s getting you down.
When in doubt, however, you should always consult your GP or pharmacist.
Allergies are extremely common. Roughly 1 in 5 people in the UK are thought to be affected by an allergy at some point in their lives.i In fact, the rate of people developing allergies in the UK and other parts of the world is actually increasing with each year – however the reason for this is not yet fully understood.i, iv
Anyone can suffer from an allergic reaction, however allergies tend to be more common in children. An allergy may go away as a child grows up or stick around well into adulthood.i
You’re also more at risk of developing an allergy if allergies run in your family, or if you have asthma or eczema.i
There are a few different methods of allergy testing available. If you think you may have an allergy, speak to your GP. They can recommend the best testing method for you based on your symptoms and personal history.
Common forms of allergy tests include:iv, v
Most of these tests involve exposing you to a small amount of a suspected allergen to see if it triggers an allergic reaction. If an allergy is confirmed, your GP can determine an appropriate treatment method to suit you.
While many allergic reactions are mild, there’s no denying that allergy symptoms can still be a real headache. They can make you feel frustrated, tired, groggy or just not yourself. Many common allergy symptoms (like a constantly runny nose or itchy, red or watery eyes)i can even get in the way of everyday life, making basic tasks like concentrating on your work more difficult. Thankfully, there are plenty of allergy treatment options available that can help you manage allergy symptoms.
Over-the-counter allergy relief medication comes in many different forms to suit any allergy sufferer – from corticosteroid nasal sprays, to anti-allergy tablets, syrups and nasal washes.
You can find all of the above in the Piri Allergy product range, including Pirinase Allergy nasal spray and Piriteze syrup and tablets – designed to provide you with fast, effective relief from symptoms when allergies strike.
For anyone looking for peace in this world this video demonstrates that gun manufacturers are very much the real killers. If you have already watched this video you will now know that the manufacturers of guns created a law that protects them from any liability in the event of one human being ending another humans life.
The fact is gun companies markets and directly targets young men in there advertisements, hence that is exactly what we see being played out on street all over the world.
Gun manufacturers must be held responsible for there part in deaths on our streets.
The gun making business is a rich man’s game Providing weapons that effectively drives fear into the hearts of poor people. Many of the young that are drawn into the gun trade are not in the position to contribute towards their parents energy bills, never mind being able to afford these weapons.. Maybe all parent may need to go on strike and lobby the gun manufacturers to take some responsibility for there part in deaths on your streets.✅
Over the past few years, gun violence has risen to the forefront of public consciousness. Much of the debate has focused on gun regulation and keeping deadly weapons out of the hands of potential killers, particularly those with mental illnesses. Unfortunately, far less attention has been dedicated to the impact of gun violence on victims. While individuals killed and injured in atrocities such as the Sandy Hook and Aurora Theater shootings are publicly remembered and mourned, victims of these tragedies are not limited to those men, women, and children killed, injured, or present during these horrific events. The consequences of gun violence are more pervasive and affect entire communities, families, and children. With more than 25% of children witnessing an act of violence in their homes, schools, or community over the past year, and more than 5% witnessing a shooting, it becomes not just an issue of gun regulation, but also of addressing the impact on those who have been traumatized by such violence (Finkelhor et al., 2009).
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Protecting your bone health is easier than you think. Understand how diet, physical activity and other lifestyle factors can affect your bone mass.
Bones play many roles in the body — providing structure, protecting organs, anchoring muscles and storing calcium. While it's important to build strong and healthy bones during childhood and adolescence, you can take steps during adulthood to protect bone health, too.
Your bones are continuously changing — new bone is made and old bone is broken down. When you're young, your body makes new bone faster than it breaks down old bone, and your bone mass increases. Most people reach their peak bone mass around age 30. After that, bone remodeling continues, but you lose slightly more bone mass than you gain.
How likely you are to develop osteoporosis — a condition that causes bones to become weak and brittle — depends on how much bone mass you attain by the time you reach age 30 and how rapidly you lose it after that. The higher your peak bone mass, the more bone you have "in the bank" and the less likely you are to develop osteoporosis as you age.
A number of factors can affect bone health. For example:
You can take a few simple steps to prevent or slow bone loss. For example:
If you're concerned about your bone health or your risk factors for osteoporosis, including a recent bone fracture, consult your doctor. He or she might recommend a bone density test. The results will help your doctor gauge your bone density and determine your rate of bone loss. By evaluating this information and your risk factors, your doctor can assess whether you might be a candidate for medication to help slow bone loss.
Sign up for free, and stay up to date on research advancements, health tips and current health topics, like COVID-19, plus expertise on managing health.
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Shenseea started off the performance with one of her hit collaborations, “Blessed” featuring American rapper Tyga which was well-received by party patrons who sang along word for word. Proud to represent her country and heritage, she invited Jamaicans in the crowd to swear by shouting the local expletive, ‘bombocl**t’.
A tribute was also done whereby one of the popular singles, “Fever” by dancehall artiste, Vybz Kartel, was recited by the artiste to which a raving crowd chanted lines from the song without no hesitation.
More so, this is Shenseea’s fourth time appearing at a Rolling Loud music festival with her first performance being in 2021. She shared the stage with international artistes such as A$AP Rocky, the featured entertainer of the night, as well as Lil Baby, Busta Rhymes, Kevin Gates, and Soulja Boy among many others.
Reggae Tribute To Reggae Legends
Reggae music originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s and has since become popular around the world. Reggae shares its roots with jazz and rhythm and blues music, and has been hugely influential in the evolution of many modern genres including dub, hip hop, and drum and bass. Here are seven of the best reggae artists of all-time, each of them having helped to define and popularise the genre around the globe.
Burning Spear, also known as Winston Rodney, is no doubt one of the most enduring reggae artists of all time. He is still recording and giggling today, over 40 years on. Burning Spear's first landmark album was 1975's 'Marcus Garvey', which extolled the politics of the activist of the same name, and which became known as the beginnings of dread roots reggae. The album includes both the title track as well as another underground hit, 'Slavery Days', two of Burning Spear's most popular hits of all time which still get regular airplay on the radio.
Steel Pulse formed in Birmingham in 1975. They are a roots reggae band whose songs often focused on themes of social injustice and racism. Despite rising popularity in the UK, Steel Pulse were often banned from playing live gigs in the UK due to their controversial Rastafarian beliefs, and yet they still rocketed to international fame and became the first reggae band to ever play on The Tonight Show in the US. They also became the first non-Jamaican band to win a Grammy award for the Best Reggae Album, with their landmark album 'Babylon the Bandit' in 1987.
Peter Tosh was one of the original members of Bob Marley's Wailers, but he went on to have a successful solo career after his time with the Wailers. Peter Tosh exemplified reggae culture, as a proud Rastafarian with strong ties to Jamaica. One of his biggest hits was the song 'Legalize It', which was all about legalizing marijuana. Unfortunately, Peter Tosh was murdered in an armed robbery in 1987.
Born in Kingston in 1976, Sizzla has brought reggae into the 21st century. He's released a whopping 56 albums to date, with some of the most important being 1997's 'Praise Ye Jah' and 2013's 'The Messiah', which brought Sizzla his first Grammy nomination. Some of his most loved tracks include 'Thank U Mamma' and 'I'm Living'. No other contemporary artist has managed to recreate the popularity of reggae throughout the 70s and 80s as Sizzla has today.
Toots and the Maytals, who first got together in 1962, deserve a special nod since their 1968 single 'Do they Reggay' was actually the first popular song to use the word 'reggae', and likely gave the genre its name. Toots and the Maytals managed to bag several Grammy award nominations throughout their career, and were once described as 'The Beatles to the Wailer's Rolling Stones'. One of the groups' biggest chart successes was the hit song 'Louie Louie', taken from their milestone album 'Funky Kingston'.
One of the earliest reggae hitmakers was Desmond Dekker, who sang in his authentic Jamaican dialect on a number of reggae classics such as 'Israelites' and 'It Miek'. Dekker introduced the UK to Jamaican rude boy culture and paved the way for the likes of Bob Marley with his songs about the daily struggles of Jamaican people. Dekker recorded his most famous hits with Leslie Kong, who produced his music from 1963 on. Together, they recorded some of his most seminal albums including '007 Shanty Town' and 'Action!', both of which paved the way for reggae music both in the UK and abroad.📷The legendary Bob Marley during his 1979 Babylon by Bus tour / Image: Bill Fairs, Unsplash.
No list of reggae artists would be complete without Bob Marley in the top spot. Bob Marley rose to fame with his backing band, The Wailers, starting in 1963. Bob Marley's songs sounded peaceful but were often political, with popular themes of love, redemption, and struggle. Bob Marley released countless timeless singles including 'I Shot the Sheriff', 'Redemption Song', and 'No Woman No Cry'. Perhaps the most iconic Bob Marley album is 'Exodus', released during the birth of punk in 1977; the album contains some of his biggest hits including 'Three Little Birds', and 'One Love'.Bob Marley and the Wailers also held one of the most legendary reggae concerts in history in the One Love Peace Concert, which took place in Kingston, Jamaica, in 1978, with the goal of ending war between Kingston's rival gangs. The concert featured some of the biggest names in reggae at the height of the genre's popularity, including Culture and Dennis Brown.
JAMAICAN HERBS THAT YOU SHOULD ALWAYS KEEP ON HAND + REMEDIES
When it comes to herbs + plants, there are so many benefits to using them, especially when used for medicinal purposes. This list of Jamaican Herbs That You Should Always Keep On Hand es showcases many popular (and not so well-known) herbs that fight everything from colds/flus to pain to acne; traditionally used by many Jamaicans for centuries.
Growing up in a Jamaican household, I rarely saw "outside" medicines being used for anything. Honestly, MOST ailments were treated with a specific herb or "bush" as it is called in the Jamaican community.
Now, I can be honest when I tell you that I haven't even "mastered" all of the available herbs/plants that are available to cure or treat a lot of things, however, I've rounded up a list of some of my "go-to's" as well as a few newbies that I've heard of, which are pretty awesome as well!
While some of these herbs/plants are widely used for colds/flus, you should also check out these 10 Naturally Effective Ways to Fight a Cold/Flu, which include more commonly used ingredients that are super effective during these cold, winter months.
Also, because detoxing is such a popular thing (especially during the beginning of the New Year), I've recommended 3 Detoxes That You Should Be Doing More Often, which include mini-steps that you can take to ensure that your goal to ‘complete wellness’ happens throughout the entire year.
With sky-high inflation becoming increasingly commonplace, the UK is facing the worst cost-of-living crisis in half a century
The crisis shows few signs of slowing any time soon, with significant drops in inflation not expected until 2023. While workers across the income distribution are feeling the squeeze, the picture is particularly bleak for the UK’s 4.8m workers earning a wage which doesn’t meet actual living costs. This is the third time we have ran the ‘Life on Low Pay’ survey to track the real-life impact of being paid less than the Living Wage. The results are concerning. The nation’s low paid are going without essentials and falling behind on bills at a greater rate than ever before, including during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Not surprisingly, the areas most impacted by the current bout of inflation are also the areas workers are making the most severe cutbacks. Energy bills – a key driver of the current cost-of-living crisis – are a key example of this, with the rate of workers falling behind on household bills and being unable to heat their homes over the past 12 months increasing dramatically. Food is another area in which low paid workers are struggling. They are more likely to report skipping meals regularly for financial reasons than ever before – with 42 per cent saying they had done this, which has increased by ten percentage points in the last six months alone. Meanwhile, over half (56 per cent) had used a foodbank at least once over the past 12 months, with 63 per cent of those who had used foodbanks saying their usage had increased. While many have expressed concern about households having to make ‘heat or eat choices’ in the coming months, the findings from our survey suggest low paid workers are already having to cut back on both.
These findings make the looming threat of higher living costs in the months and years ahead an even scarier prospect. With living costs spiralling, earning a wage that is based on the actual cost-of-living has never been more important. While the Living Wage alone cannot solve the cost-of-living crisis, these findings suggest that providing a wage based on living costs is the best way employers can provide long-term security and stability for workers.
Winston Rodney was born in Saint Ann's Bay, Saint Ann, Jamaica. As a young man he listened to the R&B, soul and jazz music transmitted by the US radio stations whose broadcasts reached Jamaica. Curtis Mayfield is cited by Rodney as a major US musical influence along with James Brown. Rodney was deeply influenced as a young man by the views of the political activist Marcus Garvey, especially with regard to the exploration of the themes of Pan-Africanism and self-determination. In 1969, Bob Marley, who was also from Saint Ann, advised Rodney to approach Coxsone Dodd's Studio One label after Rodney sought his advice during a casual conversation.
Burning Spear has won two Grammy Awards for Best Reggae Album; one at the 42nd Grammy Awards in 2000 for Calling Rastafari, and one for 2009's Jah Is Real. He has been nominated for a total of 12 Grammy Awards.
Nominations for Best Reggae Album:
First Response First Aid Ltd "FRFA" is an approved training provider offering a range of first aid, mental health, fire marshal, manual handling, people handling, food hygiene and eLearning courses to organisations of all sizes, as well as individuals, throughout the UK.
We are an approved centre for a number of accrediting bodies such as:
More about defibrillators
Tv J JAMAICAN NEWS TODAY
If your seeking support in making your next move ,we may be able to assist by sign posting you relevant suggestions and tips to help getting you up and running again.
Video & streaming support in the following.
A historical epic inspired by true events that took place in The Kingdom of Dahomey, one of the most powerful states of Africa in the 18th and 19th centuries.
There’s a reason why music is sometimes used as a form of therapy, particularly in care homes and for people with memory problems. ‘Singing for the Brain’, which they say “gives challenges to the brain” and “helps concentration” in people with memory problems.
Ming Hung Hsu, the chief music therapist for the charity MHA which provides music therapy in their 54 care homes with designated dementia care, says this therapy “does help dementia sufferers retrieve certain types of memory, like long-term memory, autobiographical memory perhaps about their wedding day or significant days in the lives. It provides stimulation so they can still get hold of some memories.”
music is beneficial for dementia sufferers as “it can help reduce anxiety and depression, help maintain speech and language, is helpful at the end of life, enhances quality of life and has a positive impact on carers.”
The positive impact listening to music can have on somebody’s ability to study are long known, and the term the ‘Mozart effect’ has made its way into popular usage.
The term comes from a 1993 study which purported that participants who listened to Mozart scored higher marks in spatial-reasoning tasks in an IQ test than those who listened to silence or verbal relaxation instructions. There was no long-term impact on IQ points, however. But if that’s what you’re after, learning to play music yourself rather than just listening to it might help.
Lutz Jäncke, a psychologist at the university of Zurich , has said that: “Learning to play a musical instrument has definite benefits and can increase IQ by seven points, in both children and adults.”
ACCI aim to develop, co-ordinate and deliver culturally appropriate and consistently high standards of supported care/advice for members of the African Caribbean community and their families affected by mental ill health.
ACCI aim to enhance and where possible improve the quality of life for African Caribbean individuals experiencing or recovering from mental ill health.
Services for: African & Caribbean people experiencing mental ill health in Wolverhampton
The top attractions to visit in Wolverhampton are:
If you are from a Black, Asian, or Minority Ethnic (BAME) background, you may face specific issues relating to your mental health. This hub gives information on your options for support and treatment to help resolve specific issues. This section is for anyone interested in BAME mental health. You may also find this information helpful if you care for someone from a BAME background.
You can find jobs with the NHS, an inclusive employer in the West Midlands. Their Stepping Up Programme is a leadership development programme for aspiring Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) colleagues who work within healthcare (the NHS or an organisation providing NHS care).
The West Midlands is one of the most ethnically diverse areas in the UK. At the West Midlands Police, black and minority ethnic representation is 13.1 per cent. Recent application rates show 28 per cent of applications are from members of under-represented ethnic minority communities and over 45 per cent are from women.
Click the link above to find out more about inclusive employment programmes with the West Midlands Police.
Ethnic Minority Council (EMC) is a local, not-for-profit infrastructure organisation. Providing volunteering opportunities for local people wishing to expand their skill set, gain work experience and meet other people
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Mackenzie "Mack" Phillips suffered physical and emotional abuse as a child at the hands of his drunken father, who abused his mother as well. One day, Mack tells the preacher at his church of his abuse, and as punishment, his father harshly beats him, leading to Mack's mother's decision to leave them. As a 13-year-old boy he chose to poison his father with strychnine in his whiskey.
As an adult he has a fulfilling life with his wife, Nan, and their three children: Kate, Josh and Missy. Mack's life is shattered when their youngest child Missy disappears during a camping trip while he is saving Kate and Josh during a canoeing accident. The police determine Missy is the victim of a serial killer after finding her torn dress and blood in a derelict cabin in the forest (the titular "shack"). Kate blames herself for Missy's death because she caused the canoe accident in the first place.
The tragedy derails Mack's faith and life until the onset of winter when he receives an unstamped, typewritten note inviting him to meet at the shack. The message is signed "Papa" (which was Missy's nickname for God). Thinking this may possibly be an opportunity for meeting and punishing the serial killer, Mack takes his gun, borrows his friend's SUV, and drives there, narrowly avoiding a collision with a truck on the way. Finding the shack empty, an enraged Mack is tempted to shoot himself; before he can, he encounters a mysterious figure, who leads him to the trio of strangers who invite him to stay at their house nearby.
The trio of strangers gradually reveal their identities: the African-American woman is God (Papa), the Middle-Eastern man is Jesus, and the Asian woman is the Holy Spirit. The purpose of their visit is to help Mack better understand his life as seen from a much broader context or higher perspective, the goal being to help free him from an inclination to pass judgment upon himself and others, and to help heal himself and his family after Missy's death.
Mack helps Jesus build a wooden box and helps the Holy Spirit prepare a spot in her garden for a planting. Papa—in the form of an elderly Native American man—leads him to the cave where Missy's body is located. Together they prepare her body for burial, place her in the box, and lay her to rest in the garden. Mack briefly sees Missy in Heaven, but is unable to be with her; Jesus steps through the boundary separating them to visit her. Mack also visits another cave where God's wisdom, in the form of a woman named Sophia, talks to him. Eventually, the trio and Mack encounter the spirit of Mack's father, who apologizes for his mistreatment of Mack and he reluctantly forgives him. Mack also apologizes to his father, whom he killed, and finally understands that Missy's death was not punishment for his murder of his father.
Finally able to move beyond his grief and his faith restored, he leaves the trio and sets out to return home to his family. However, he encounters the truck from before and collides with it, waking up in a hospital. The friend from whom he borrowed the SUV tells him he never reached the shack, having crashed on the way there. Later on, Mack tells Nan about what he saw on his journey and convinces Kate that whatever happened on the canoe wasn't her fault. The film ends with Mack attending church again with his family, as the audience is left to decide whether the events that happened at the shack were real.
Tahitian Noni™ Juice is the one and only original noni beverage on the European market. Having acquired positive Novel Food authorisation first, Morinda set the benchmark against which any new noni beverage manufacturer will be measured in Europe. All other noni beverage products need to show that their product is of an equivalent standard to ours before they are permitted for sale within the EU. Morinda spent millions of GBP/EUROS and 3 years to be the first to bring noni to the European market as a Novel Food.
This health supplement contains 275 nutrients, boosts immune system activity by up to 30 percent, boosts energy and supports heart health.
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We’re all desperate for a cut but salons also play a key role in our sense of identity, says Mayi Hughes
SALONS AND barbershops, to me, have always been great symbols of community. Come rain or shine, winter or summer, early mornings or sleepy evenings, salons are a place of liveliness.
Jamaican patois bounces off the walls, hushed Yoruba gossip fills the air, and jokes in pigeon English warm the room. Diasporan Africans and immigrants alike intermingle in a space which co-exists as both a hairdressers and an open stage.
Confined to a chair for hours while your hair is intricately braided and woven, stories flow as storytellers are born. Some of the greatest lessons I’ve learned about myself and my identity have taken place in warm salon parlour seats, tucked away in the busy streets of London.
Salons have always been a place of togetherness for black individuals in Britain. Despite the Equality Act of 2010 formally protecting against hair discrimination, stories of school and workplace discrimination show that black hairstyles are still heavily politicised.
The law has not helped change the beliefs held by several employers that black hairstyles are unprofessional and inappropriate. This discrimination against black hair, which has historical roots predating colonialism and slavery, means that black hair is intrinsic to the black identity. Hair, especially for women, is such an important
expression of self.
How you decide to wear your hair can hold a meaning beyond just aesthetics, thus hairdressers are a well-frequented and significant spot.
The COVID pandemic has hit the beauty and hair sector particularly hard, with up to £124 million per week in lost income as a result of the closure of physical stores. This economic loss has been significant for business owners, however on the other end of the spectrum is the loss of the customers.
Black customers have lost not only a salon but also a community. These physical closures have also caused an intangible loss of belonging and identity. Employees at the newly founded Curl Bar London, situated in Crouch End, shared their views on the importance of hair, and how it impacts identity.
“The Curl Bar London is a safe space for women with curls, coils and waves to feel empowered. We have a wall in our salon that collects images of our clients to share the beautiful community,” a spokesperson said.
The team spoke of how powerful hair is as a tool for “self expression” and “empowerment”.
The global COVID pandemic has shaken the world, and the UK, in countless ways. It’s been a time of loss, physically through the lives taken by the virus, but also mentally, in the friendships and connections it has halted.
Identity is so strongly rooted in expression, and with opportunities to express oneself ceasing under lockdown, people’s sense of identity may have waned.
As the national lockdown eases, I hope readers can reminisce on their times in salons and barbers. Now, we will be sitting in those barber shops again, enveloped by laughter and chatter, and rid of these barber shop blues.
Mayi Hughes is a British-Nigerian student journalist at Harvard University, born and raised in east London. An international track athlete she is passionate about education, women and uplifting black stories
Hair is an important part of black women's identity, but throughout history it has also been a target of oppression.
Why is black hair so dominant?It is a dominant genetic trait, and it is found in people of all backgrounds and ethnicities. Black hair contains a large amount of eumelanin pigmentation, a type of melanin. This hair type contains a much more dense quantity of eumelanin in comparison to other hair colors, such as brown, blonde and red.
How much is the black hair industry worth in the US?According to Mintel's 2021 report on the Black hair market, the segment is worth $1.6 billion and is expected to continue growing, but R&D is not covering all the hair types, needs or styles needed by Black consumers, experts told CosmeticsDesign.1 Mar 2022
What does hair symbolize in black culture?Hair is a centerpiece of Black culture; it's a symbol of identity, of resistance, creative expression and freedom
HAIR ROUTINE Black hair is the darkest and most common of all human hair colors globally, due to larger populations with this dominant trait. It is a dominant genetic trait, and it is found in people of all backgrounds and ethnicities. It has large amounts of eumelanin and is much more dense than other hair colors. In English, various types of black hair are sometimes described as soft-black, raven black, or jet-black. The range of skin colors associated with black hair is vast, ranging from the palest of light skin tones to dark skin. Black-haired humans can have dark or light eyes.
While we think and assume of different possible hairstyles for several occasions, we never think of African hairstyles much, given that they are quite different than most of the other country styles. But let us tell you, these African haircuts are among also most well-known and popular styles. The latest African hairstyles have gained massive popularity given the versatile brushing and grooming effects along with stylish and edgy vibes. We give you with best African hairstyles which can easily fit into anyone willing to try. They will look stunning and gorgeous without a doubt. Continue reading to know more about these African hairstyles.
Here is a list of the top 40 choices for African hairstyles with images which are suitable for all types of face shapes.
We love this feminine Marley braid locs hairstyle for ladies. The African hairstyle is best for achieving a youthful and edgy, sleek look for women across age groups. It suits women with curly and wavy hair texture, gives a good hair density and looks amazing for any occasion and event. How do you like this one?
Among the several trending African hairstyle braids, we have this unique and feminine mesmerizing side twisted cornrows to give a beautiful gorgeous feel. The hairstyle may look regular and simpler, yet the cornrows add to the lovely feel and the unique charming style statement. It is suitable for women with any hair texture.
There are even the perfect African bridal hairstyles for women to exude beautiful and unique, authentic stylish vibes. This is a perfect example of trending around us this season. The African hairstyle features a hairdo textured to give a feminine and lovely style statement. Although the hairstyle requires some time to get to perfection, the intricate look and style deserve all our attention.
What is bereavement? IN MEMORY OF MY BELOVED SISTER PAULINE - REST IN POWER
Bereavement is the experience of losing someone important to us. It is characterised by grief, which is the process and the range of emotions we go through as we gradually adjust to the loss.
Losing someone important to us can be emotionally devastating - whether that be a partner, family member, friend or pet. It is natural to go through a range of physical and emotional processes as we gradually come to terms with the loss. See our page on experiences of grief for information about the types of feelings that are common during the grieving process.
Bereavement affects everyone in different ways, and it's possible to experience any range of emotions. There is no right or wrong way to feel. Feelings of grief can also happen because of other types of loss or changes in circumstances, for example:
"Bereavement is tough. All the 'happy times' that have followed Pauline’s death are tinged with a deep sadness for me."
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Discover the power of beetroot
The EU aims to enable EU citizens to study, live, shop, work and retire in any EU country and enjoy products from all over Europe. To do this, it ensures free movement of goods, services, capital and persons in a single EU internal market. By removing technical, legal and bureaucratic barriers, the EU also allows citizens to trade and do business freely.
The EU is also building a capital markets union
The department of health
Built during an era of elegance and brutality, Greenwood has retained the atmosphere of the 19th century and continues to capture the imagination of its visitors. The house was built by the Barretts of Wimpole Street London in 1800. Unique among local plantation houses, Greenwood survived unscathed during the slave rebellion of Christmas 1831. It still has most of its original furniture including the largest and rarest collection of musical instruments and books in the island.